The depth increases gradually from Årdal to a central basin reaching more than 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) in depth located between Leikanger and Brekke. Alternative Title: fiord Fjord, also spelled fiord, long narrow arm of the sea, commonly extending far inland, that results from marine inundation of a glaciated valley. Besides, being one of the longest fjords in the world, the Sognefjord is … Why to go there? The fjord is up to 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) wide. The Sognefjord extends all the way from the Skjolden village in Norway’s Luster municipality to the ocean. The land of fjords has an abundance of these natural wonders. This current on the surface in turn pulls dense salt water from the coast across the fjord threshold and into the deepest parts of the fjord. Sognefjord - explore the longest and deepest fjord in Norway The Sognefjord (or Sognefjorden in Norwegian) is located on the west coast in Norway. Sognefjord (Norway) is the 2nd longest, 205 km, and 2nd deepest, 1.3 km. Sognefjord. Its bottom is 4,215 feet below sea level. Bolstadfjorden has a threshold of only 1.5 m (4 ft 11 in) and strong inflow of freshwater from Vosso river creates a brackish surface that blocks circulation of the deep fjord. The inner end of the fjord is blanketed by mighty Jostedalsbreen, the biggest glacier in continental Europe. In fact, Norway features approximately 1,200 fjords within a stretch of about 16,400 miles of coastline. Known as ‘the King of the fjords’, it’s located in the county of Sogn og Fjordane in the western part of the country. The same confusion applies to other languages, such as Danish, which defines any inlet as a fjord. The areas around Quesnel are popular with sports fishing people and tourism. Norway contains some of the longest, deepest, and most beautiful fjords in the world. In Norway we have a saying that as high as the mountain you see from the The prize for the longest fjord in Norway goes to Sognefjord. Sognefjord (Norway) is the 2nd longest, 205 km, and 2nd deepest, 1.3 km. Near the coast the fjord mouth is bounded largely by low islands and skerries that are part of the strandflat. Originated from the word “fare” which means travel, Fjords means the one which travels. The Sognefjord Fjord is the longest and deepest in Norway and the trip from Bergen to Flam on the local boat is the only way to see it. The Sognefjord or Sognefjorden (Urban East Norwegian: [ˈsɔ̂ŋnəˌfjuːɳ], English: Sogn Fjord), nicknamed the King of the Fjords, is the largest and deepest fjord in Norway. Quesnel Lake, located in central British Columbia, is claimed to be the deepest fjord formed lake on Earth. T he deepest point on the earth, the Mariana Trench, reaches the depth of about 10,994 m, measured at a small slot-shaped valley in its floor known as the Challenger Deep. [16], During the last glaciation the ice reached a maximum thickness of nearly 3000 meters in the Sognefjord area. Near its mouth, the bottom rises abruptly to a sill about 100 metres (330 ft) below sea level. The Norwegian roots of the word stem from the fact that Norway’s coastline has the highest number of documented fjords. But it is not the deepest lake of Canada. The seabed in Sognefjord is covered by some 200 metres (660 ft) thick sediments such that the bedrock is some 1,500 metres (4,900 ft) below sea level. A fjord is a long, deep, narrow body of water that reaches far inland. Sognefjord, the longest and deepest fjord in Norway, lies right in the heart of Fjord Norway and extends more than 200 kilometers inland to the foot of the Jotunheimen, Jostedalsbreen and Breheimen national parks. It was part of the Danish strategy to forestall the Norwegian claims on Northeast Greenland. Antarctica’s Ross Ice Shelf is home to the world’s deepest fjord, known as the Skelton Inlet, which is 6,342 feet below sea level at its deepest point. A fjord is a long, deep, narrow body of water that reaches far inland. At a maximum depth of 511 metres, it’s the deepest lake in British Columbia and the third-deepest lake in British Columbia. [10], The volume of the whole Sognefjorden including its various branches is about 500 cubic kilometres (120 cu mi), while the total volume of rock eroded by glaciers from the entire Sognefjord system and adjacent valleys is about 4,000 cubic kilometres (960 cu mi).[9]. ... You have only you in this world. [4] At its end is the village of Skjolden, which is an access point to Jotunheimen National Park. The fjord spans some 205 kilometres (127 miles) and has a maximum width of 4.5 kilometres (2.8 miles) at its widest point. Popular activities in the Nærøyfjord are kayaking – exploring a massive fjord in a little kayak is an unforgettable experience – and hiking. The … Continue reading "The Sognefjord" This will avoid storms on the surface, and will not have to go over a kilometer deep to get below the bed of the fjord. Around the outer area the land rises to about 500 metres (1,600 ft) above the sea, while in the inner areas of the fjord, they reach about 1,600 metres (5,200 ft). The Sognefjord is often called "The King of fjords" and extends 204 km (127 miles) inland, has a maximum depth of 1,308 meters and the mountains surrounding the fjord tower to heights of 2,000 meters. Fjords are considered as the very symbol of Norway by many people. In geography, a fjord refers a long, deep, narrow arm, or inlet of the sea or a lake drain which extends inland in the form of a deep valley, often with cliffs. Its length, from the offshore island of Outer Sula (Ytre Sula) in the North Sea to Skjolden, at the head of its longest branch, Lustra Fjord, is 128 miles (206 km). The Baker Channel, sometimes called the Calen Inlet, is 4,104 feet below sea level at its deepest point and penetrates the mainland for approximately 75 miles. The borehole is located on the Kola Peninsula of Russia. [5] The name is related to Norwegian word súg- "to suck", presumably from the surge or suction of the tidal currents at the mouth of the fjord. Together with the Geirangerfjord in Møre og Romsdal, the Nærøyfjord is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. For around 100 kilometres the depth of the fjord is measured at more 1,000 metres. Use of the word fjord has caused some confusion in certain parts of the world. At one point the impressive fjord reaches depth of 1,308 m (4,291 ft) below the sea. Sognefjorden, a fjord in Norway, is more than 160 kilometers (nearly 100 miles) long. It existed already as part of the ancient Paleic surface but had at the time much gentler slopes. The fjord spans some 205 kilometres (127 miles) and has a maximum width of 4.5 kilometres (2.8 miles) at its widest point. Sognefjorden, a fjord in Norway, is more than 160 kilometers (nearly 100 miles) long. Until about 30 km from the very coast the Sognefjord glacier was apparently constricted to its narrow channel of homogeneous gneiss, then the glacier suddenly spread out presumably through sounds and low valleys. Russia's national treasure, Lake Baikal, is the world's deepest lake and is our planet's largest freshwater lake measured by water volume. Larger villages on the fjord and its branches include Leirvik, Ytre Oppedal, Vadheim, Høyanger, Vikøyri, Balestrand, Hermansverk, Sogndalsfjøra, Gudvangen, Flåm, Aurlandsvangen, Lærdalsøyri, Årdalstangen, Gaupne and Solvorn. At a maximum depth of 511 metres, it’s the deepest lake in British Columbia and the third-deepest lake in British Columbia. This populati… [14][15] An estimate of 7610 km3 of rock has been eroded from the Sognefjord drainage basin since the Paleic surface formed. [12] The mouth of the fjord is surrounded by many islands including Sula, Losna, and Hiserøyna. And the major inflows are Horsefly River and Mitchell River. The deepest hole ever dug may be pretty unassuming, but I suspect I’m not alone in being a little freaked out by it. Large glaciers formed tongues which extend into portions of the land and create valleys by shaping the land over time, therefore creating undersea valleys which extend from the open sea into nearby land masses. Quesnel Lake is said to be the deepest fjord lake in the world. The Sognefjord cuts through a northwestern gneiss area with a south-west to north-east structure, and penetrates the Caledonian fold through in the inner part. The Sognefjord or Sognefjorden , nicknamed the King of the Fjords, is the largest and deepest fjord in Norway. Sognefjord is the largest fjord in the country and the third longest in the world, it stretches for 250 km (127 mi) into the inland until reaches a small village of Skjolden. It has an entry point that is 10 miles wide between Cape Timberlake and Fishtail Point. A fjord is a long, narrow arm of the sea with steep sides, carved by glacial activity. Sognefjord has a maximum depth of 1,308 metres. The Sognefjord – Norway’s longest and deepest fjord, which stretches 204 kilometres inland from the coast north of Bergen – is no exception. Like the Messier Channel, it is considered a fjord although its name suggests it is a channel. 1,308 m (4,291 ft) – Sognefjord, Norway. [19][20], There are many ferry crossings of the Sognefjord. Gudvangen is situated by the Nærøyfjord, a branch of the Sognefjord particularly noted for its unspoiled nature and dramatic scenery, and only 300 metres (980 ft) across at its narrowest point. The average depth is about ‎4,280 m. The volume of the Pacific Ocean reaches up to some 714 million cubic kilometers. Magnificent scenery and stunning waterfalls. Many people consider fjords the very symbol of Norway. Aarseth, I., Nesje, A., & Fredin, O. The Sognefjord, the king of the fjords, is the longest fjord adventure in Norway. The wreck of the Frankenwald, a German freighter sunk in 1940, was voted Norway’s Best Wreck Dive by the Norwegian dive magazine, Dykking, in 2009. [10][17], Boats connect settlements along the fjord and its sidearms. It is so special and spectacular that in 2005 it was placed on UNESCO’s World Heritage list. Thus the climate of the inner end of Sognefjorden and its branches are not as wet as on the outer coastline. It is called the King of the fjords and is over 200 kilometre long. Sognefjord is also the third longest fjord in the world. Several rivers pour fresh water into the fjord with an annual "spring" flood in June. The Sognefjord or Sognefjorden (Urban East Norwegian: [ˈsɔ̂ŋnəˌfjuːɳ], English: Sogn Fjord[1][2][3]), nicknamed the King of the Fjords, is the largest and deepest fjord in Norway. Located in Vestland county in Western Norway, it stretches 205 kilometres (127 mi) inland from the ocean to the small village of Skjolden in the municipality of Luster. Many people complain about the long winters here in the north, but I love the cold and grey months. And its fertile waters are a must-fish destination for anglers looking for big lake lunkers. The Scoresby Sund ( Kangertittivaq ) in East Greenland is the largest fjord in the world. At the outlet of Quesnel lake, thought to be the world's deepest fjord-lake: with an estimated (but as yet unverified) maximum depth of approximately 600 m, it may be among the ten deepest lakes on the planet; The fjord reaches a maximum depth of 1,308 metres (4,291 ft) below sea level, and the greatest depths are found in the central parts of the fjord near Høyanger. Quesnel is a glacial lake also known as a fjord, and important as a source of drinking water and fresh fish. Located in the western county of Sogn og Fjordane, Norway, this fjord is also known as the King of the Fjords because of its size. The canyon of the river Tara is the deepest canyon in Europe. Sognefjorden is also in the process of being certified as a Sustainable Destination, a seal of approval given to destinations that work systematically to reduce the negative impact of tourism. We untied our lines from our slip at Pender Harbour at 7:45 a.m. to start our 48-mile trek up Jervis Inlet. [18], Around the inner end of the fjord, three of Norway's famous stave churches have survived: Kaupanger and Urnes (along the shoreline) and Borgund (30 kilometres or 19 miles into the Lærdal valley).[18]. The fjord is 204 kilometers long and 1308 meters deep. Measured at 2,001 feet, or 610 meters, Quesnel is the ninth deepest lake on Earth. The Nærøyfjord, a branch of the Sognefjord, is part of the UNESCO World Heritage. It originates from the Norwegian Sea, which is part of the North Atlantic Ocean, and stretches 127 miles inland, all the way to Skjolden, which is a small village in the municipality of Luster. Cenozoic uplift of the Scandinavian Mountains, https://www.businessinsider.com/norway-might-get-floating-underwater-tunnel-2016-7?r=US&IR=T, https://www.vegvesen.no/_attachment/274047/binary/485789, Art of the States: Bright Days of Little Sunlight, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sognefjord&oldid=997032978, Articles using infobox body of water without alt, Articles using infobox body of water without pushpin map alt, Articles using infobox body of water without image bathymetry, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 18:22. Another spectacular creation of mother nature, a fjord is a deep, slender and elongated sea or lake drain surrounded by steep land on three sides. Regardless of the many other Fjords found in the world, Norway, holds the biggest concentration of Fjords and the most spectacular. [4], The fjord gives its name to the surrounding district of Sogn. ... Sognefjord is Norway's longest fjord. The Sognefjord Span (power lines) crosses the fjord with a span of 4,597 metres (15,082 ft). [15][13] The fluvial and glacial erosion that made the fjords has followed structural weaknesses in the crust. Great Lakes [ edit ] A family of freshwater fjords are the embayments of the North American Great Lakes. [10], Cliffs surrounding the fjord rise almost sheer from the water to heights of 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) and more. The Skelton Inlet gets its name from British Lt. Reginald W. Skelton, the chief engineer of the ship and crew who discovered the fjord during the Discovery Expedition that lasted from 1901 to 1904. There is no clear relation between the east-west direction of the main fjord and the fold patterns of the bedrock, while some of tributary fjords in the parts corresponds to fold pattern. [9] The average width of the main branch of the Sognefjord is less than 5 kilometres (3.1 mi). I needed this place deep in the fjords. The mouth of the fjord opens towards the sea which is usually shallow. By Joseph Kiprop on November 26 2018 in Environment, The word "fjord" is Norwegian in origin and can be loosely translated to mean "to travel across" or "to ferry." Boka Bay is the southernmost fjord in the world. The origin of this lake is Quesnel River. [10], The inner end of the Sognefjord is southeast of a mountain range rising to about 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) above sea level and covered by the Jostedalsbreen, continental Europe's largest glacier. Though the nickname has been given probably due to its greatness, it has indeed been visited by both King and Queens over the years! The municipality and the travel industry cooperate closely t… And its fertile waters are a must-fish destination for anglers looking for big lake lunkers. Designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Geirangerfjord measures approximately 10 miles in length and 958 feet in depth. It is the longest and deepest fjord in Norway, and its mouth is located 45 miles (72 km) north of Bergen . Chile is home to the world’s second deepest fjord, which is located in the sparsely populated region of Patagonia at the southern section of the Andes Mountains. Fjords are often set in a U-shaped valley with steep walls of rock on either side.. Fjords are found mainly in Norway, Chile, New Zealand, Canada, Greenland, and the U.S. state of Alaska. Fjords are often set in a U-shaped valley with steep walls of rock on either side.. Fjords are found mainly in Norway, Chile, New Zealand, Canada, Greenland, and the U.S. state of Alaska. This uplift, that occurred long before the Quaternary glaciations, enabled rivers to incise deeply the Paleic relief. As Norway’s largest, deepest and longest fjord, the Sognefjord holds a … There are many smaller fjords which branch off the main fjord. There is a plan to build a road across the Sognefjord, crossing through a submerged tube in mid-water anchored to floats. [6], The fjord runs through many municipalities: Solund, Gulen, Hyllestad, Høyanger, Vik, Sogndal, Lærdal, Aurland, Årdal, and Luster. Thresholds occur in an area with sounds, valleys, and low land where the glacier was allowed spread out and lose its erosive effect. To confirm the exact definition of any inlet, it is best to consult a few different sources and compare their physical features and the remarks of qualified geologists and scientists. Quesnel Lake is said to be the deepest fjord lake in the world. Skelton Inlet (Antarctica) is the deepest at 1.9 km. [13] The fjords of western Norway formed in connection to the east-ward tilting of much of Norway during the Cenozoic uplift of the Scandinavian Mountains. Also known as Sognefjorden or the King of the Fjords, it is also the largest fjord in Norway. Fjord, also spelled fiord, long narrow arm of the sea, commonly extending far inland, that results from marine inundation of a glaciated valley.Many fjords are astonishingly deep; Sogn Fjord in Norway is 1,308 m (4,290 feet) deep, and Canal Messier in Chile is 1,270 m (4,167 feet). The Sognefjord is nicknamed the King of the Fjords and is also the longest fjord, measuring an impressive 205 kilometers. Hike on the Nigardsbreen Glacier, see the Stave Churches and take a Fjord Cruise on the Nærøyfjord. Looks just like a painting Glacier in continental Europe of Bergen its name to surrounding! Charles Messier ( 3.7 mi ) land of fjords and is also the largest fjord in world. 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